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Myofascial Pain Syndrome | 6 Important Points

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Myofascial Pain Syndrome | 6 Important Points

How I Cured My Myofascial Pain Syndrome (Fibromyalgia)

Are you living with constant pain that hasn’t been diagnosed? If so, you’re not alone. These conditions can be hard to identify, and because many don’t know how to deal with them, it provokes a lot of stress on your life.

What is myofascial pain syndrome?

Myofascial pain syndrome is a condition that causes pain in the muscles and the tissues that surround them. The ache is often defined as a dull, aching pain that may be widespread or localized to one area. The reason for myofascial pain syndrome is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by muscle tension or spasms that put pressure on the surrounding tissues. The pain may be sudden or come on gradually. The intensity of the pain can vary from mild to severe.

Myofascial pain syndrome commonly affects your:

  • Shoulder blade and upper back area. This is referred to as the thoracic spine.
  • Neck and back. Pain in this area is called the cervical spine.
  • Face, head, and jaw.

What are the symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome?

Myofascial pain syndrome is a condition that results in pain and stiffness in the muscles and fascia. The symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome can vary from person to person. Still, they may include pain localized to a specific area, pain that radiates to other areas of the body, stiffness, and reduced range of motion. Trigger points may form within the muscle and can cause referred pain to the site of the trigger point and other areas.

Trigger points are a type of tender spot, or painful area, that is thought to be caused by excessive stress on the muscle. The myofascial pain syndrome theory proposes that trigger points lead to referred pain throughout the body. The actual reason for trigger points is unknown, but several hypotheses have been submitted.

Trigger points are thought to be related to “referred pain,” in which pain is felt at a site far away from the site of injury. In addition, tight and overactive muscles can refer pain and other sensations to trigger points (Simons, Travell, & Simons, 1999). These concepts referred to as pain and referred tightness are fundamental to understanding myofascial trigger points and TMD and will be addressed in more detail later in this chapter.

What are the causes of myofascial pain syndrome?

There is no one absolute answer to this inquiry as the cause of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is not yet fully understood. However, we know that MPS results from chronic muscle tension, which leads to muscle spasms, often accompanied by pain.

MPS can occur anywhere in the body but is most common in the neck, back, shoulders, and other large muscles throughout the body. What causes MPS?

The exact cause of MPS is unknown. It results from mutations (abnormal changes) in the gene that provides instructions for making a protein called aggrecan. This protein is found in nearly all cells, especially in cartilage and other connective tissues. A mutation in this gene prevents aggrecan from working correctly and leads to the buildup of abnormal proteins in connective tissues.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome | 6 Important Points

How is myofascial pain syndrome diagnosed?

Myofascial pain syndrome is diagnosed through a physical examination and medical history. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and how long you have been experiencing them. They will perform a physical exam. A diagnosis of chest wall pain can be made when there is sharp, stabbing pain in the upper chest, which radiates to the shoulder or neck. If you have muscle spasms, your doctor may recommend an X-ray exam or an MRI scan.

Treatment for Chest Wall Pain

The treatment for chest wall pain depends on the underlying cause. Most causes of chest wall pain are not severe and do not require surgery. Treatment of chest wall pain caused by an injury usually involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce swelling. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil®) or acetaminophen (Tylenol®) may also help relieve pain. A physical therapist can teach you how to do stretching exercises to reduce your pain.

What are the treatment options for myofascial pain syndrome?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for myofascial pain syndrome will vary depending on the individual case. However, standard treatment options include:

1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen

2. Muscle relaxants such as cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) or methocarbamol (Robaxin)

3. Antidepressants such as amitriptyline or nortriptyline (Pamelor), doxepin (Sinequan), or venlafaxine (Effexor XR) may be prescribed.

A great tip from Dr. Lam on how to treat migraines if you don’t want to take medication: Apply a dab of ice on the back of your neck and hold it for about 15 minutes. “This often helps relieve a migraine,”

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What are the risks associated with the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome?

There are risks associated with any treatment, and myofascial pain syndrome is no exception. Treatment options include various medications, injections, and physical therapy. However, there is no one-size-fits-all method to treat myofascial pain syndrome, so it may take some trial and error to find the proper treatment for you. You should consult with a doctor specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) for the most effective treatment of myofascial pain syndrome.

You may need to work with this team of healthcare providers, including a physical therapist, occupational therapist, physician assistant, or other health care providers. Together, they will determine the best course of action to help manage your myofascial pain syndrome symptoms. The doctor may prescribe medications to help ease your pain and discomfort. However, there are natural remedies that can also provide significant relief. Here are some of the best-proven treatments for myofascial pain syndrome.

Hot and Cold Therapy

Heat therapy is commonly used to relieve muscle tension and relax your muscles. The benefit of hot packs or heating pads can help release the tightness in your muscles. Furthermore, you can try a soothing heat bath or even hot showers..


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