May Thurner Syndrome
May Thurner syndrome is a condition where the thoracic outlet syndrome occurs when the brachial plexus is compressed as it travels up the neck from the shoulders to the arms and hands. It is calculated that this affects up to 1 in 1000 people. The symptoms include:
Numbness and tingling in the writing and fingers.
Even swelling and tightness of the muscles in the forearm.
It is not uncommon for those with May Thurner Syndrome to be diagnosed with diabetes, sleep apnea, thyroid disorders, cervical radiculopathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other conditions.
1. What is May Thurner Syndrome?
The name of this syndrome is derived from its location in the region of the aorta. The condition occurs when a large mass of blood clots into the space between the aorta and the heart. The blood clot, in this case, is referred to as an aneurysm. The aneurysm is commonly found in women’s lower abdomen or pelvis and often causes symptoms like abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, and shortness of breath.
The blood clot is formed due to the build-up of thrombus in the wall of the aorta. The logic after this is that it can induce irregular pressure, and the blood flow can be blocked. This condition is rare, and less than 10% of the cases are diagnosed. This is because it is similar to the needs of abdominal aortic aneurysm and pulmonary embolism.
May Thurner syndrome is also known as “aortic aneurysm and thrombophilia,” It occurs when the mass of blood clots in the lower part of the aorta is a vital vessel that carries oxygenated blood to the organs. In the case of women, it is usually located in the lower abdomen or pelvis. The symptoms of this condition include:
Shortness of breath
Pain in the back
There are several methods via which you can analyze the situation.
The first way is the CT scan, which checks the size of the aneurysm.
The following way is the ultrasound which will check the size and blood flow in the blood vessels.
If you have a history of thrombosis, it is essential to mention it in the medical report.
The therapy relies upon the harshness of the condition. There are two options available for this treatment:
Surgery: The surgery is considered the best option if the aneurysm is more significant than 5 cm.
Lifestyle changes: These changes will help you stay away from the condition.
This is a rare case of May Thurner Syndrome. In this article, I have also told you how you can get diagnosed with this condition.
2. How to Recognize May Thurner Syndrome
May Thurner syndrome is a rare condition in which the abdominal aorta (the large artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body) is compressed between the lower end of the spine and the pelvis. The compression causes symptoms like back pain, leg cramps, numbness, and weakness in the legs. The syndrome is often misdiagnosed as a herniated disc.
The syndrome often happens in females, with a prevalence rate of 1 in every 1000. May Thurner syndrome was first described in 1887 by Ludwig May and Emil Thurner in a paper titled “Aorto-iliac compression, with special reference to the female.”
What are the Symptoms of May Thurner Syndrome?
May Thurner syndrome usually develops in overweight women with a history of pelvic surgeries, like a Cesarean section. The condition is often associated with other conditions such as diabetes, pregnancy, and spinal stenosis.
Symptoms of May Thurner syndrome can include the following:
Numbness or weakness in the legs
Pelvic or abdominal swelling
May Thurner syndrome is caused when the lower end of the spine and the pelvis (the bony structure surrounding the uterus and vagina) presses the abdominal aorta, causing it to narrow. It can be caused by:
A history of pelvic surgery, including a cesarean section
A history of pregnancy
Spinal stenosis (when the vertebrae that protect the spinal cord become narrow or lose their shape)
Cervical spondylosis (when a part of the vertebrae becomes loose and weakens)
I have shared some helpful information about the May Thurner syndrome in this article. This syndrome can be easily prevented if the patient does not have a history of pelvic surgery. If you maintain any questions about this article, you can ask me in the comments below.
3. When May Thurner Syndrome Should Not Be Treated
We all are aware of Thurner syndrome and its effect on our bodies. It is a rare condition, and most people have no idea about it, but it leads to severe consequences when it occurs in girls.
As per the statistics, around 1% of women suffer from this syndrome, and most remain undiagnosed for a long time. The symptoms of Thurner syndrome are very similar to that of other disorders, so it is hard to recognize it at an initial stage.
Thurner syndrome is when the blood flows into a vein instead of through arteries. If the blood flow goes in the wrong direction, it will cause an obstruction and thus block the street. It causes severe problems like heart failure, chest pain, and even stroke.
You must consult the doctor immediately if you suffer from any of the signs noted above. He will diagnose the problem and will treat you accordingly. You can also check your symptoms online and visit a doctor.
Symptoms of Thurner syndrome:
Pain in arms and legs
Difficulty in breathing
Severe back and leg pain
The treatment of Thurner syndrome depends upon the severity of the symptoms. It is better to avoid this condition by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. If you are experiencing any symptoms of Thurner syndrome, then it is essential to seek medical help as soon as possible.
4. Treatment of May Thurner Syndrome
May Thurner syndrome is a condition that occurs in the course of pregnancy. It is characterized by abnormal blood flow to the veins of the pelvis and legs. It is known as “pregnancy” thrombophlebitis.
Pregnancy is a particular stage in a woman’s life as she has to deal with several problems. There are some side effects and symptoms that come with pregnancy, but when it comes to vein problems it is widespread. This condition usually starts in the later stages of pregnancy, which means that you will be affected by this disease only if you are pregnant.
This condition is a condition that is diagnosed based on the symptoms that occur during pregnancy. You will start experiencing May Thurner Syndrome symptoms only after delivering your baby. The state will disappear entirely once your child is born.
Specific symptoms will appear before the delivery of your baby, but during the delivery itself, you will feel pain in the lower abdomen area. There will be pain and swelling in the legs and thighs. You will also notice redness and swelling in the calves.
There is no specific test to diagnose this condition; hence, it is treated only after the symptoms are present.
The most typical remedy for this situation is the help of compression stockings. In some cases, you may need to undergo surgery.
This is a low condition that occurs only once in a woman’s life. However, getting proper treatment for this condition is essential as it may lead to severe complications.
5. Preventing May Thurner Syndrome
May Thurner syndrome is also known as the blood clotting disorder which occurs in women. If you are a woman, you might suffer from this disorder. This is a prevalent health issue that affects women.
It is caused by the formation of a blood clot in the vein. This clot will form in a part of the leg, blocking blood flow. And this will result in swelling, pain, cramps, and even the formation of dark purple colored spots. This condition is quite common among women, and most women are unaware of this disorder.
The most common symptoms include pain, cramps, and swelling in the leg. The pain can even spread to the abdomen and thighs. Sometimes it can be so severe that it will keep the person lying down.
Here are the straightforward actions that you can follow to control this fitness problem:
1. Wear comfortable clothes
Wear clothes that are comfortable but not tight. Avoid wearing tight clothes, which will restrict the blood flow. Make sure that you don’t wear short dresses.
2. Keep your legs clean
Wash your legs with soap and water daily. If you are pregnant, then you should avoid applying soap.
3. Avoid using makeup
Makeup and lip gloss can restrict blood flow, so you should avoid them.
4. Drink plenty of water
Consuming plenty of water will help you to stay hydrated, and your legs feel lighter.
5. Exercise regularly
Training is the best way to stay out of May Thurner syndrome.
6. Avoid caffeine
Coffee, tea, and energy drinks are some of the most common sources of caffeine.
7. Take a break
Taking a vacation from your everyday actions will help you keep busy.
8. Avoid spicy foods
Spicy foods can constrict the blood flow, and that is why you should avoid them.
9. Reduce alcohol intake
Alcohol is a potent drug that can generate many side results. So, avoid drinking too much.
The overhead nine actions will allow you to stay away from May Thurner syndrome. So, try to follow them to get a healthy and fit body.