Down Syndrome Vs Autism | 7 Important Points

Down Syndrome Vs Autism | 7 Important Points

The Simplest Guide to Understand the Difference Between Autism and Down Syndrome

Today, learning about children and their disorders seems daunting. Children with autistic spectrum disorder present with a range of behavioral issues and, as such, can be mistaken for children with Down syndrome.

Down Syndrome

It is a genetic disorder in which the full set of chromosomes is absent in some or all cells. Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder in which the full set of chromosomes is not present in some or all cells. The most common cause of Down Syndrome is when a mother carries and gives birth to a child who has an extra copy of chromosome 21.

It can also happen when a change in the number of chromosomes is not balanced, such as when a child receives three copies of chromosome 21 (trisomy 21) instead of the usual two copies.

A child with Down syndrome usually has a low muscle tone or hypotonia and weak muscle strength. The child may have an upward slant to the eyes, a single deep crease across the center of the palm, and an upward curve of the outer ends of the fingers. They may also have mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.

Autism Definition

The autism spectrum includes various conditions, the most well-known of which is autism.

Autism is a condition that exists on a spectrum, and people who suffer from it often have trouble communicating with others. The condition can cause social awkwardness, hyperactivity, and other issues that make it difficult for those with autism to find employment. In the latest state unemployment report from the Georgia Department of Labor, the number of people on that spectrum who have found jobs is rising.

After struggling through years of recession and slow economic growth, Georgia’s overall jobless rate sits 8.7 percent. It’s nearly a full percentage point higher than the national average. But the state’s job market is improving, according to some local business owners.

A spokesperson for the Georgia Department of Labor said the state had added more than 100,000 jobs this year.

Down Syndrome Vs Autism | 7 Important Points

Down Syndrome Diagnosis

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder in which people have three copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual two. Down syndrome diagnosis is when doctors would analyze blood samples to check for abnormalities in chromosomes. Doctors will ask the parents whether they have a family history of chromosome abnormalities, medical conditions in the mother during pregnancy, or certain congenital disabilities. The baby’s physical appearance and development are also observed by doctors to see if any abnormalities can lead to a Down syndrome diagnosis.

Physical characteristics for Down syndrome

A child with Down syndrome has several distinctive physical characteristics. Often the physical characteristics of Down syndrome first become evident at birth. A baby with Down syndrome is smaller than normal and often lighter in weight than other babies. The baby’s face tends to be flat or broad rather than round, and the nose may appear somewhat flat. There may be an area of white skin over one or both eyes, which can give the appearance of a “starburst” around the pupil. Small earlobes are another common characteristic.

Autism Diagnosis

Autism Diagnosis is an evaluation of an individual’s behavior and development. The psychologist must examine the patient to ensure there are no other underlying causes for the symptoms. Once the underlying causes have been ruled out, a treatment plan can be made. It is important to start with a doctor who is familiar with this disorder so they can provide you with the best treatment options.

There are no medications specifically for GAD. Psychotherapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and relaxation techniques, is very effective. Mindfulness, which is a type of meditation, can also be helpful.

If symptoms are more severe, you may need to see a psychiatrist who can prescribe antidepressants or antianxiety medications. Many medications can help with anxiety, including Benzodiazepines. Examples include diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), and alprazolam (Xanax).

These medications are not available as generics. Benzodiazepines are the first line of treatment for anxiety disorders, and they work very well. The problem is that they have addictive potential and can cause withdrawal symptoms such as headaches, nausea, muscle pain, vomiting, irritability, and insomnia when you stop taking them.

Some Autism Signs

Autism signs are many but are typically characterized by poor eye contact, delayed speech, difficulties in understanding other people’s perspectives, impulsivity, and an inability to make friends. Some autism signs are delayed speech, lack of eye contact, difficulties in understanding other people’s perspectives, impulsivity, and an inability to make friends.

Many other traits are observed in kids with autism, and they can also be different in each child. This is how autism spectrum disorder is diagnosed. The key to autism is communication and interaction, especially with other people, and understanding their needs.

Even though the symptoms of autism are similar to other disorders, such as ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Major Depressive Disorder, OCD, and Tourette’s Syndrome, they are quite different.

The major difference between all these disorders is that autistic people have a delay in social skills or an inability to form relationships with others.

Littermate Syndrome | 5 Important Points

Some Down Syndrome Signs

Down syndrome is a condition caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. The following is a list of some signs and symptoms that may indicate that a child has Down syndrome:

– speech delay – problems with hand-eye coordination – hypotonia (low muscle tone) – abnormal head shape – intellectual disability – poor muscle tone – possible heart defect – small, flat nose – epicanthal folds – narrow upper lip – wide space between upper front teeth – flat cheeks – wide space between the eyes (ocular hypertelorism) – a small lower jaw – frequent ear infections Symptoms in boys may be delayed for several months.

Prognosis Neonatal hypotonia and developmental delay are associated with significant morbidity, including, but not limited to: – speech delay – problems with hand-eye coordination – hypotonia (low muscle tone) – abnormal head shape – intellectual disability – poor muscle tone – possible heart defect – small, low-set ears – low-set, malformed ears that often protrude outward instead of lying flush against the head – small eyes – droopy eyelids – sunken eyes – unusually narrow face – eyes that are spaced closer together than normal – wide-set eyes – widely spaced eyes – a flat nasal bridge – a curved bridge of the nose – abnormal spacing between the nose and upper lip – high-arched palate – cleft palate – a cleft lip – a small jaw – trouble.

Down Syndrome Vs Autism | 7 Important Points

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